Dental surgery encompasses a wide range of procedures performed by dentists or oral surgeons to address various dental issues. Here are some common types of dental surgery: Tooth Extraction: This involves removing a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. Tooth extraction may be necessary if a tooth is severely decayed, damaged, infected, or impacted (unable to erupt properly). Wisdom Teeth Removal: Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, often need to be extracted because they can become impacted or cause crowding and misalignment of other teeth. Wisdom teeth removal is a common surgical procedure, especially in young adults. Dental Implant Placement: Dental implants are artificial tooth roots made of titanium that are surgically placed into the jawbone to support replacement teeth (crowns, bridges, or dentures). Implant placement involves minor oral surgery to insert the implant fixture into the jawbone. Bone Grafting: This procedure involves adding bone tissue to the jawbone to strengthen it or increase its volume. Bone grafting is often performed as a preparatory step for dental implant placement or to repair bone loss due to periodontal (gum) disease. Gum Surgery: Gum surgery, also known as periodontal surgery, may be necessary to treat advanced gum disease (periodontitis) or to correct gum recession. Procedures may include gum tissue grafting, pocket reduction surgery, or crown lengthening.