A composite dental filling refers to a type of dental restoration used to repair a decayed, cracked, or otherwise damaged tooth. Here’s some information about composite fillings:

  1. Material: Composite fillings are made of a tooth-colored resin material. This allows them to blend in with the natural color of your teeth, making them less noticeable compared to traditional silver amalgam fillings.

  2. Procedure: The procedure for placing a composite filling involves several steps:

    • Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is typically used to numb the area around the tooth being filled.
    • Removal of decay: The dentist removes the decayed portion of the tooth using a dental drill or other instruments.
    • Etching: The dentist applies an acidic gel to the tooth surface to roughen it. This helps the composite resin bond more effectively to the tooth.
    • Bonding: A bonding agent is applied to the prepared tooth surface.
    • Placement of composite resin: The tooth-colored composite resin is placed in layers and hardened using a special curing light after each layer. The dentist shapes and contours the filling to match the natural tooth structure.
    • Polishing: After the filling is placed, the dentist will polish it to ensure it feels smooth and matches the sheen of the natural tooth surface.
  1. Advantages:

    • Aesthetic appeal: They closely match the natural color of teeth.
    • Conservation of tooth structure: Composite fillings require less removal of healthy tooth structure compared to amalgam fillings.
    • Bonding capability: They chemically bond to the tooth, which can help strengthen it.
    • Versatility: Composite fillings can be used for both front and back teeth.
  2. Considerations:

    • Durability: While composite fillings are durable and strong, they may not be as durable as metal amalgam fillings, especially in high-stress areas of the mouth.
    • Cost: They may be more expensive than amalgam fillings, partly due to the materials and technique involved.

Overall, composite fillings are a popular choice for many patients due to their aesthetic advantages and conservative nature in preserving tooth structure. Your dentist can help you determine if a composite filling is suitable for your dental needs.

Composite fillings are not suitable for large fillings or areas with high chewing pressure. In such cases, other materials like amalgam or crowns may be recommended. Consult a dentist for the best option.



– Aesthetically pleasing (matches tooth color)
– Durable and long-lasting
– Resistant to wear and tear
– Supports tooth structure
– Can be used for small to moderate-sized fillings